[…] you almost caught Captain Jack Sparrow.
Is Caesar going to die
no spoilers please
SEAN BEAN ARE YOU EVEN FUCKING TRYING AT THIS POINT!
On this day in History August 20, 1968: Reacting to the rise of more liberal and democratic reforms in the Warsaw Pact country of Czechoslovakia, the Soviet Union and other Warsaw Pact members Bulgaria, East Germany, Hungary and Poland invade Czechoslovakia.
The reformist movement known as The Prague Spring called for a more liberal society. Students and writers were complaining about the lack of freedom, and the poor performance of the Czechoslovak economy. With this in mind, the first act was the removal of conservative leader Antonin Novotny as the head of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia in the beginning of 1968. Novotny was replaced by Alexander Dubček a reformer. Dubček reaffirmed to not only to the Czechs but specifically the Soviet Union, that he committed to remaining in the Warsaw Pact and not removing the Marxist-Leninist State model though reforms were sought in Czechoslovakia.
Here are some of the reforms that came about during the Prague Spring:
- Freedom of the Press
- Removal of State Controls over Industry
- Removal of Censorship over books, plays and other banned works
- Increased Collective Bargaining Rights for the Trade Unions
- Creation of Independent Cooperatives for the Czechoslovakian farmers
In July 1968, Soviet Leader Leonid Brezhnev, fearing Czechoslovakian independence met with Dubček and demanded that he re-institute strict communist control and to scale back his reforms. After nothing occurred to the satisfactory of Brezhnev and the Soviet Communist party, the Soviets (along with fellow Warsaw Pact members) decided to invade. Invoked was the philosophy of the Brezhnev Doctrine which called for the intervention in any country where a communist government had been threatened by any and all means.
According to the article The Prague Spring – a summary from the History in an Hour website:
Half a million Soviet troops (including token numbers from Bulgaria, Hungary, East Germany and Poland) and 2,000 tanks moved in quickly, taking control of Prague’s airport and vital points of communication before making a forceful presence on the streets of the capital
Unlike the invasion to squash the Hungarian Uprising of 1956, there were calls for no resistance by the Czechoslovakian people on the orders of Dubček. Though it is believed that there was some resistance by students.
The Communist party in Czechoslovakia was purged including the re-education of Dubček. For the first time, Russian troops would be stationed in Czechoslovakia to ensure that there was no threat to the Communist party and communist ideals. All reforms that came about during the Prague Spring were eliminated.
Communism would finally collapse in Czechoslovakia in December 1989. Dubček would return to Czechoslovakia and according to the BBC, he became chairman of the new post-Communist administration in what became known as the "Velvet Revolution".
For Further Reading:
- Russia brings winter to ‘Prague Spring’ dated August 20, 1968 from the BBC On This Day 1950-2005 Website
- Czechoslovakia Invaded by Russians and Four Other Warsaw Pact Forces dated August 20, 1968 from the New York Times On this Day Website
- The Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia: August 1968 Materials from the Labadie Collection of Social Protest Material from the University of Michigan
- Soviet Invasion of Czechoslovakia, 1968 from the Office of the Historian, U.S. Department of State
- THE WARSAW PACT [Excerpted from Czechoslovakia: A Country Study, Glenn E. Curtis, ed. (Washington, D. C.: Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress, 1992)]
- The Prague Spring of 1968 from the History Learning Site
- Prague Spring, 1968 from the Encyclopedia of Marxism
- Modern History Sourcebook: The Brezhnev Doctrine, 1968 from Fordham University
- THE VELVET REVOLUTION: A PEACEFUL END TO COMMUNISM IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA from the Tavaana.org website
- Soviet Monument in Bulgaria Painted Pink to Mark Prague Spring dated August 21, 2013 from the Novinite.com website
i like this but i don’t know why.
the struggle between “i’m too lazy to shave my legs plus it’s a nice fuck you to gender expectations” and “i want legs as smooth as baby dolphins” is so real
Here is a terrible photo of my first attempt at Shrink Plastic today - it was just too much fun…. Going to make these little babies into brooches!! Super excited!
[1/10 Gifsets from Dog Dean Afternoon]
literally everything (via casualfacestroking)
Svitavy market square on Flickr.
Holland Roden attends the premiere of ‘Transparent’ at Ace Hotel on September 15, 2014
me trying to participate in sports